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China formalizes easing of one-child policy - ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English Archive
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A mother carries her baby on a street in Shanghai on December 28, 2013 (AFP PHOTO/Peter PARKS)

A mother carries her baby on a street in Shanghai on December 28, 2013 (AFP PHOTO/Peter PARKS)

Beijing, AP—China on Saturday formally allowed couples to have a second child if one parent is an only child, the first major easing of the 3-decade-old restrictive birth policy.

First announced by the ruling Communist Party’s leadership in November, the decision was officially sanctioned by the standing committee of China’s top legislature, the National People’s Congress, the official Xinhua News Agency reported.

Implemented around 1980, China’s birth policy has limited most couples to only one child, but has allowed a second child if neither parent has siblings or if the first born to a rural couple is a girl.

Demographers and policy makers have estimated the easing would benefit some 15 million to 20 million Chinese parents—mostly in cities—and result in 1 million to 2 million extra births per year in the first few years, on top of the 16 million babies born annually in China. They say the easing is so incremental that the extra births are not expected to strain resources such as the health care and education.

China has credited the restrictive policy with managing its population growth and improving the economy, but critics say it is a violation of human rights.

China is the world’s most populous country with 1.35 billion people.

Asharq Al-Awsat

Asharq Al-Awsat

Asharq Al-Awsat is the world’s premier pan-Arab daily newspaper, printed simultaneously each day on four continents in 14 cities. Launched in London in 1978, Asharq Al-Awsat has established itself as the decisive publication on pan-Arab and international affairs, offering its readers in-depth analysis and exclusive editorials, as well as the most comprehensive coverage of the entire Arab world.

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