KABUL (AP) – A U.N.-backed panel has completed most of its investigation into whether the level of fraud in Afghanistan’s presidential election will require a runoff, a spokeswoman said Friday as the U.S. military announced the deaths of four more American troops.
Afghanistan’s ambassador to the United States says he expects a second round vote will be required.
The four U.S. service members were hit by a bomb blast Thursday, with two killed instantly and two later dying of their wounds, the U.S. said in a statement. No further details were released.
The deaths bring to 25 the number of American service members killed in Afghanistan this month, according to an Associated Press count.
Rising death tolls and the political crisis brought on by a fraud-marred election have prompted President Barack Obama’s administration to review its entire Afghanistan strategy. The White House is considering various options, including a sharp increase in the number of U.S. troops here or shifting the focus to missile strikes and special operations raids against Al Qaeda members hiding in neighboring Pakistan.
Obama is not expected to decide until after the Afghans determine whether they must hold a runoff election between President Hamid Karzai and his top challenger, Abdullah Adbullah.
Preliminary results from the Aug. 20 poll had put Karzai in the lead with 54.6 percent of the vote compared to about 28 percent for Abdullah. The fraud rulings could eliminate enough Karzai votes to push him below the 50 percent threshold to force a second round.
A spokeswoman for the Electoral Complaints Commission said the panel has completed the bulk of its investigation but commissioners are still analyzing complaints and calculating figures before deciding on a runoff. Investigators late Thursday completed an audit of 3,377 polling stations that returned unlikely results showing 100 percent turnout or a single candidate receiving 95 percent of the vote, said Nellika Little, a commission spokeswoman. But the panel is still investigating individual fraud complaints. “We are still working on the numbers,” Little told The Associated Press. “We haven’t figured out a percentage.”
An announcement could come at any time, possibly as early as Friday night. Once the country’s Independent Election Commission confirms the new tallies, a runoff is supposed to be held within two weeks. But many fear winter snows and insecurity could make the vote difficult or impossible. In Washington, Karzai’s ambassador to the United States Said Tayeb Jawad said Thursday a runoff vote was very likely. He was the first official from Karzai’s government to predict publicly that the challenger, Abdullah Abdullah, will have enough support to force a runoff.
Jawad said all sides should work hard to hold the runoff vote swiftly, ideally within a month.
A two-week deadline mandated in the country’s constitution is “impossible,” Jawad said. He worried that if the deadline slipped far into November, the weather will be too cold in parts of the country. Voters in Afghanistan, a country of great distances and few roads, often must travel long distances and spend significant time outdoors. Jawad spoke at the U.S. Institute of Peace, and afterward with The Associated Press.
Citing anonymous sources it said were familiar with the results, The Washington Post reported Friday that Karzai’s share of the vote had dropped to 47 percent. Little disputed that report, saying the commission’s decisions have not been released.
Uncertainty over the election outcome has eaten away at Karzai’s legitimacy, leaving Afghanistan in limbo as the Taliban-led insurgency in the countryside deepens and the Obama administration debates its strategy in a war that has become increasingly unpopular in the U.S.