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Ethnic tension a factor in Afghan vote, envoy says - ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English Archive
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KABUL, (Reuters) – Afghan President Hamid Karzai and his chief rival, who have both claimed election victory, have assured U.S. officials they will respect the outcome despite fears of ethnic unrest, Washington’s top envoy said on Saturday.

U.S. envoy Richard Holbrooke met Karzai and former foreign minister Abdullah Abdullah in Kabul on Friday, a day after presidential elections went ahead amid sporadic violence and despite Taliban threats to disrupt the vote.

Both camps said on Friday they were on track to win enough votes for an outright majority of more than 50 percent to avoid a potentially destabilising second round run-off vote in October.

The election is a major test for Karzai after eight years in office, as well as for U.S. President Barack Obama’s new regional strategy of pouring in thousands of extra troops to defeat the Taliban and its Islamist allies and stabilise Afghanistan.

Asked if he feared the leading candidates would incite their followers if the result was disputed, Holbrooke said “they said they couldn’t”.

“They’re all putting their own views but they all said they would respect the process,” Holbrooke told reporters in Kabul before flying to Kandahar in the south, the Taliban’s birthplace.

Official preliminary results are not due for two weeks.

Election observers say a second round between Karzai, an ethnic Pashtun, and Abdullah, who draws support from Tajiks in the north, risked dividing the country along ethnic lines, and disagreement over the outcome could lead to civil unrest. “Everybody understands there is an ethnic issue in the country,” Holbrooke said. “It’s a factor, it’s not a concern. Is it a factor that gives us heartburn? No, but it is a factor,” he said.

In Washington, Obama praised the vote as a move in the right direction. But he warned that Taliban violence may continue as official results are finalised.

Incidents of violence and intimidation, particularly in the south, meant the election was not entirely free but had been “fair generally”, said General Philippe Morillon, chief observer of the European Union mission.

“Free was not the case in some parts of the country due to the terror,” Morillon told a news conference in Kabul.

Separately, foreign ministers of the G8 (Group of Eight) leading industrialised countries said in a statement: “We call on all parties to exert patience and restraint and to wait for the official announcement of the election results. We trust that all Afghans will continue to work together in the interest of their country.”

Polls conducted before the election showed Karzai in the lead but not by enough to avoid a run-off.

Afghan and U.S. officials breathed a sigh of relief after the relatively peaceful election, following a dramatic escalation in violence in the weeks leading up to the vote.

Counting began after polls closed on Thursday and Afghanistan’s Independent Election Commission (IEC) has urged patience as the process proceeds, saying only it was in a position to release official results.

The claims made by Karzai’s camp and Abdullah are based on unofficial observations by thousands of campaign workers at the 6,200 polling stations.

Preliminary official results are due on Sept. 3, with the final result set to be released by the IEC two weeks later, although there are indications the result could be delayed by at least another week.

Independent election observers like election monitoring group Democracy International urged a quick end to the counting.

“I think it is unfortunate that the IEC has decided to withhold the vote count as long as they apparently intend to,” said Glenn Cowan, a Democracy International governance expert. “While we understand this is a difficult environment in which to hold an election, at the same time the political environment is uncertain,” he said in comments emailed to Reuters, adding an early release of results would help relieve pressure.

The IEC has said preliminary figures showed overall turnout at around 40-50 percent, although it appears to be much lower in the south, compared with about 70 percent of registered voters in the 2004 presidential poll.

Much is likely to depend on turnout in Pashtun areas in the south, such as Karzai’s home province of Kandahar, where the president draws his strongest support but where voters faced the brunt of Taliban attacks and intimidation.

U.S. combat casualties have risen sharply as the extra troops were being sent to Afghanistan, and opinion polls have shown weakening American backing for the war.

Asharq Al-Awsat

Asharq Al-Awsat

Asharq Al-Awsat is the world’s premier pan-Arab daily newspaper, printed simultaneously each day on four continents in 14 cities. Launched in London in 1978, Asharq Al-Awsat has established itself as the decisive publication on pan-Arab and international affairs, offering its readers in-depth analysis and exclusive editorials, as well as the most comprehensive coverage of the entire Arab world.

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