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Baghdad blasts target Shi'ites, kill 63 - ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English Archive
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An Iraqi man walks in front of a burned building after a wave of attacks in Baghdad killed at least 57 people on December 22, 2011. (AFP)

An Iraqi man walks in front of a burned building after a wave of attacks in Baghdad killed at least 57 people on December 22, 2011. (AFP)

BAGHDAD, (Reuters) – A wave of bombings killed at least 63 people in Baghdad on Thursday, the first attacks since Iraq’s Shi’ite-led government was engulfed in a crisis that risks fracturing the country along sectarian and ethnic faultlines.

The bombings, just days after the last U.S. troops left Iraq, marked a violent backlash against Shi’ite Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki’s move to sideline two Sunni rivals. The tensions threaten a relapse into the kind of sectarian bloodletting that drove Iraq to the brink of civil war a few years ago.

At least 18 people were killed when a suicide bomber driving an ambulance detonated the vehicle near a government office in Baghdad’s mostly Shi’ite Karrada district, sending up a huge smoke cloud and scattering car parts into a kindergarten, according to police and health officials.

“We heard the sound of a car driving, then car brakes, then a huge explosion. All our windows and doors are blown out, black smoke filled our apartment,” said Maysoun Kamal, who lives in a Karrada compound.

Police and security sources said there were more than 10 explosions across Baghdad, mostly targeting Shi’ite districts. A total of 194 people were wounded.

Iraqi officials linked the attacks to the current crisis.

“The timing of these crimes and the places where they were carried out confirm… the political nature of the targets,” Maliki said in a statement.

The last American troops left OPEC oil-producer Iraq over the weekend, nearly nine years after the invasion that toppled Sunni dictator Saddam Hussein. Many Iraqis had said they feared a return to sectarian violence without a U.S. military buffer.

Upheaval in Iraq would have wider consequences in a region where a crisis in neighbouring Syria is taking on a more sectarian tone, and Shi’ite Iran, Turkey and Sunni Arab Gulf nations are jostling for influence.

In the other Baghdad attacks, two roadside bombs struck the southwestern Amil district, killing at least seven people and wounding 21 others, while a car bomb blew up in a Shi’ite neighbourhood in Doura in the south, killing three people and wounding six, police said.

More bombs ripped into the central Alawi area, Shaab and Shula in the north, all mainly Shi’ite areas, and a roadside bomb killed one and wounded five near the Sunni neighbourhood of Adhamiya, police said.

An old woman wrapped in black yelled and called out for her husband, lost under the rubble, after two bombs struck a wholesale vegetable market where they both worked.

“I cannot find my husband, I don’t know if they took him out or not, I don’t know,” she said.

Violence in Iraq has ebbed since the height of sectarian slaughter in 2006-2007, when suicide bombers and hit squads targeted Sunni and Shi’ite communities in continual attacks.

But the country is still fighting a stubborn, lower-grade insurgency waged by Sunni Islamists tied to al Qaeda and Shi’ite militias who U.S. officials say are backed by Iran.

No group claimed responsibility for Thursday’s bombings, but analysts said Iraq’s al Qaeda affiliate was probably hitting Shi’ite targets, as in the past, to inflame sectarian conflict and show it was still capable of major attacks.

“The perpetrators have sought to underline the fragile, sectarian balance of Iraq’s political system,” said Matthew Henman, analyst at Jane’s Terrorism and Insurgency Centre.


Just days after the U.S. withdrawal, Iraq’s fragile power-sharing government is grappling with its worst turmoil since its formation a year ago. Shi’ite, Sunni and Kurdish blocs share out government posts in a unwieldy system that has been impaired by political infighting since it began.

Since its modern borders were mapped in 1920, Iraq has been a patchwork of sectarian and ethnic regions, from the mainly Shi’ite Muslim south to Sunni strongholds in the west and, more recently, the semi-autonomous Kurdistan region in the north.

Even before the crisis, Baghdad and Kurdistan were caught up in a growing dispute over control of some of the world’s fourth-largest oil reserves. One dispute involves whether U.S. oil giant Exxon Mobil can operate in Kurdistan.

Sunni Muslim provinces near Saudi Arabia are also chafing against what they see as an increasingly authoritarian government in Baghdad that is interested only in promoting a Shi’ite Muslim agenda.

This week, Maliki called for the arrest of Sunni Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi on charges he organised assassinations and bombings, and he asked parliament to fire his Sunni deputy Saleh al-Mutlaq after he likened Maliki to Saddam.

Hashemi, who has denied the accusations, has taken refuge in Iraq’s Kurdish region where he is unlikely to be handed over to the Shi’ite-led government in Baghdad.

Maliki on Wednesday warned Sunni leaders they would be excluded from power if they walked out of the ruling coalition, even as senior U.S. officials piled pressure on both sides for dialogue to end the crisis.

The moves against the senior Sunni leaders have fanned sectarian worries because Sunnis fear the prime minister wants to consolidate Shi’ite domination over the country.

Iraq’s Sunni minority have felt marginalised since the rise of the Shi’ite majority in Iraq after the 2003 invasion. Many Sunnis feel they have been shunted aside in the power-sharing agreement that Washington touts as a young democracy.

Iraqi security forces inspect the site of the bomb attack in Baghdad's Shaab District, northern Baghdad, December 22, 2011. (Reuters)

Iraqi security forces inspect the site of the bomb attack in Baghdad’s Shaab District, northern Baghdad, December 22, 2011. (Reuters)

Smoke rises from the site of a bomb attack in central Baghdad December 22, 2011. (Reuters)

Smoke rises from the site of a bomb attack in central Baghdad December 22, 2011. (Reuters)

Asharq Al-Awsat

Asharq Al-Awsat

Asharq Al-Awsat is the world’s premier pan-Arab daily newspaper, printed simultaneously each day on four continents in 14 cities. Launched in London in 1978, Asharq Al-Awsat has established itself as the decisive publication on pan-Arab and international affairs, offering its readers in-depth analysis and exclusive editorials, as well as the most comprehensive coverage of the entire Arab world.

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