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300 Days after Political Deadlock… Spain’s Fate Determined by Socialists | ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English Archive 2005 -2017
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Supporters of Spain’s Socialist party (PSOE) shout slogans and hold posters during a protest outside Spain’s Socialist party (PSOE) headquarters against allowing a conservative minority government under People’s Party (PP) leader Mariano Rajoy, in Madrid, Spain, October 22, 2016. — Reuters

Madrid- After Socialist rivals agreed to abstain in a looming confidence vote, ending 10 months of political deadlock, Spain’s conservative leader Mariano Rajoy is well underway to secure a second term in power for his People’s Party (PP) on Sunday.

With a third ballot on the cards the center-left Socialists, traditional opponents of the PP, ceded ground on Sunday in an extraordinary, internal party meeting to choose between a third general election or allowing Rajoy to govern.

Senior party members voted by 139 to 96 in favor of abstaining in a parliamentary confidence vote to be held this week.

Rajoy’s minority government will have to contend with a hostile, deeply fragmented parliament over the next four years, opening up a fresh source of political instability for Spain.

His prime task will be to keep on track an economic rebound after years of recession, while cutting costs to meet stringent deficit targets.

December’s election broke the stable two-party system that has ruled Spain since the death of dictator Francisco Franco in the 1970s, and a re-run in June delivered a similar result as new parties grabbed millions of votes in the wake of a deep recession.

Rajoy’s PP beat the Socialists in both elections, followed by the upstart Podemos (“We Can”) and Ciudadanos (“Ciudadanos”) parties, which together secured close to a third of parliamentary seats.

To govern, Rajoy needed sufficient support or an abstention by his rivals in a confidence vote. That two-stage ballot will now take place this week, with the second vote due on Saturday or Sunday.

The Socialists had blocked Rajoy’s reelection under their former leader Pedro Sanchez, a stance that would have forced Spain into its third election in a year.

Sanchez was forced to resign earlier this month by his party, who feared the Socialists would suffer an electoral bloodbath if they triggered a fresh poll.

Defending the vote, Socialist interim party head Javier Fernandez said the result was the least bad of the two options.

“We went to win the elections, but since that didn’t happen, we need that there is a government to act as the opposition,” he said.