BAGHDAD (Reuters) – The U.S. military said on Sunday there had been a dramatic drop in the number of Iranian weapons being smuggled into Iraq but no let-up in Tehran’s training and financing of Iraqi militias.
Washington has accused Tehran of supplying Shi’ite militias with sophisticated weapons, including deadly armor-piercing bombs known as explosively formed penetrators (EFPs), to attack American troops. Tehran denies the charge.
“We do believe that the number of signature weapons that have come from Iran … are down dramatically. We do not think levels of training have been reduced at all. We don’t believe levels of financing are reduced,” U.S. military spokesman Rear Admiral Greg Smith told reporters in Baghdad.
His comments come at a time of heightened tensions between Iran and the United States after Washington said its warships were threatened by Iranian craft in the Strait of Hormuz earlier this month. The two countries are already at odds over Iran’s determination to pursue a nuclear program.
U.S. officials had softened their rhetoric towards Iran in recent weeks, partly attributing a sharp drop in violence in Iraq since June to Iran stemming the flow of smuggled weapons. U.S. forces also released a number of Iranian detainees.
Smith said an upswing in the number of EFP attacks reported in the first two weeks of January had been followed by a dip in the third week of the month.
“There was an increase, we don’t know why precisely … and now they have returned to normal levels,” he said. “It is uncertain what is happening inside Iran to lead to that occurrence.”
U.S. and Iranian officials were scheduled to meet in mid-December for a fourth round of talks on quelling violence in Iraq, but the meeting was cancelled because of time pressure on U.S. diplomats as Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made a hurriedly-arranged visit to Iraq.
Iraqi government spokesman Ali al-Dabbagh said no new date had been set for the meeting. U.S. embassy spokeswoman Mirembe Nantongo said she had no information.
Smith said Iran continued to exert a “negative influence” in Iraq, with militia groups still being trained inside the Islamic Republic late last year, after Tehran had made a pledge to the Iraqi government to support efforts to end violence.
Many of the militiamen being trained in Iran are considered renegade members of Shi’ite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr’s Mehdi Army. Sadr has ordered a six-month ceasefire that expires in February so that he could reorganize his splintered militia.
The U.S. military says the Mehdi Army has been replaced by al Qaeda as the greatest threat to peace in Iraq, and has launched a major offensive against the Sunni Islamist group in four northern provinces and Baghdad’s southern outskirts.
Smith said 121 militants had been killed, including 92 “high-value targets,” since the operation began on January 8.
Giving an overview of al Qaeda in Iraq, Smith said documents seized in an operation suggested that 90 percent of the group’s suicide bombers were foreigners, along with much of the leadership, while the rank-and-file were Iraqi.
In 2007 al Qaeda militants killed 3,870 civilians and wounded more than 17,000, in 4,500 attacks, he said.