President Abd Rabbu Mansur Hadi was inside the residence as it came under “heavy shelling” for half an hour but he was unharmed and protected by guards, officials said.
The dramatic development put the US-backed Hadi into a precarious position and represented the starkest challenge to his authority since the Houthis swept into Sana’a from their northern stronghold and seized the capital in September.
Information Minister Nadia Al-Sakkaf posted on her Twitter account that the shelling started at 3 pm local time “by armed forces positioned over rooftops facing” the president’s house.
At the same time, Houthi rebels also raided the president’s offices, sweeping into the presidential palace and looting the grounds’ arms depots, according to Col. Saleh Al-Jamalani, the commander of the Presidential Protection Force that guards the palace.
“This is a coup. There is no other word to describe what is happening but a coup,” Jamalani told The Associated Press, adding that the rebels were likely aided by insiders.
The escalation shattered a tense ceasefire that had held overnight and throughout the morning, following Monday’s heavy clashes that engulfed the city, leaving ordinary Yemenis stunned and fearing for their country.
The latest spasm of violence followed apparently unsuccessful negotiations earlier in the day between Hadi and a representative of the Houthis at his residence.
Also earlier Tuesday, Houthi rebels roamed the streets on foot and in pickup trucks mounted with anti-aircraft guns, manned checkpoints across Sana’a and near the prime minister’s residence, and beefed up their presence around other key building, including the intelligence headquarters.
The show of force came after they seized control of state media in Sana’a and clashed with Yemeni soldiers near the presidential palace on Monday. Heavy machine gun fire and artillery shells struck around the presidential palace and sent civilians fleeing as columns of black smoke rose and sirens wailed throughout the city.
Monday’s violence left at least nine people dead and 67 were wounded, Yemen’s deputy health minister, Nasser Baoum, said, while both Houthis and Hadi’s forces blamed each other for the outbreak.
Houthis’ power grab has been long anticipated and analysts say they are only “finishing the job” they began in September.
“What is happening now is just one more step toward [the Houthis’] consolidation of power,” said Abdel-Bari Taher, a veteran Yemeni journalist and writer.
Tuesday’s negotiations at Hadi’s residence focused on the shake-up of an 85-member commission tasked with coming up with the outline of Yemen’s future federation, as stated in the draft constitution, Cabinet spokesman Rageh Badi said.
Reforming the commission has long been overdue and was part of a UN-brokered peace deal following the Houthis’ capture of Sana’a.
The Houthis accuse Hadi of violating that deal by calling in the current members of the commission to a meeting days ago, prompting the rebels to retaliate and abduct his top aide, Ahmed bin Mubarak, and setting the wheels in motion for the latest violence.
The weakening of Hadi, a top US ally, also undermines efforts by America and its allies to battle Al-Qaeda’s Yemeni affiliate, which claimed responsibility for the attack on a Paris satirical magazine earlier this month. Washington has long viewed Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), as the Yemeni branch is known, as the global terror network’s most dangerous affiliate.
The Houthis’ blitz in Sana’a and expansionist aspirations in central Yemen, where Sunni tribesmen dominate, also threatens to transform the current conflict into a sharply sectarian one, pitting Sunnis against Shiites. Al-Qaeda in Yemen, which has waged deadly attacks targeting both the Houthis and Hadi’s forces, stands to benefit.
The Houthis are also seen by their critics as a proxy of Shi’ite Iran and are believed to be allied with former President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who ruled Yemen for more than three decades before he was ousted in 2012 after Arab Spring protests. The rebels deny any Iran links.
Suspected Al-Qaeda militants on Tuesday tried to assassinate a top army commander in the southern Hadhramaut province, killing five of his guards in the attack, military officials said.
The militants set off explosives, hurling them at the commander’s convoy, then opened gunfire but the commander managed to escape unharmed, the officials said, speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to speak to media.