London, Asharq Al-Awsat-Several Iraqi Shiite figures in London are holding the government of Dr. Ibrahim Jaafari, the leader of the Islamic Al-Da”wah Party, responsible for the deterioration of fundamental issues, the most important of which are those of security, services, and financial corruption.
The Shiite figures told ”Asharq al-Awsat” that Jaafari”s Government "does not have experience and has no connection to the streets of Iraq." One of them called on Jaafari to resign and to pave way for somebody more competent. Dr. Ibrahim al-Ani, the dean of Higher Islamic Studies in London said, "Services and security have significantly deteriorated under Jaafari”s Government. The voters had higher expectations from the government after it won the majority of votes." He pointed out that the government”s failure is not confined to these two issues but also includes that of foreign relations.
Al-Ani said, "Iraq”s relationship with the Republic of Egypt significantly improved under the former government of Iyad Allawi. But we now see that it has notably deteriorated under this government following the kidnapping and murder of Egyptian Ambassador to Iraq, Ihab al-Sharif, by the terrorist groups and the resulting arguments that have caused much damage to the relationship between the two countries." He called on the Iraqi Government to take stricter measures on the issue of financial corruption and this leads us to demand stricter measures in security.
Abd-al-Husayn al-Mu”mini said, "I visited Iraq several times, especially Baghdad and the Babil, Kerbala, and Najaf Governorates. I come from the city of Najaf and have just returned from there and personally, I felt the lack of services, the lawlessness, and the deepening crises, especially concerning fuel, water, and electricity as well as the non-distribution of the complete food rations and this is putting economic and mental strains on the Iraqi people."
With regards to Jaafari”s Government with its Shiite majority, Al-Mu”mini said, "The government and the people are worlds apart." Like the Iraqis are asserting, Al-Mu”mini pointed out that Jaafari”s Government has no control over the overwhelming majority of state and country”s affairs. He added, "The majority of cities in southern and central Iraq, apart from Baghdad, are under the control of the political parties and ruled by the militia of these parties. Whilst northern Iraq, Kurdistan, is under the control of the Kurds who are enjoying an almost independent rule and their Peshmerga militias are in control of the security situation there. Whatever is left of Jaafari”s control is mostly under the control of the US forces. He added, "The services issue has deteriorated noticeably and there are no treatments because the government is remote from the concerns of the Iraqi citizen. Jaafari rules a small part of the Green Zone."
Engineer Muhammad al-Darraji from the Development Studies Center said, "This government lacks experience despite being an elected one. The partisan, religious, or ethnic quotas are the main reason for allowing the situation in Iraq to reach this state. As an Iraqi, I do not believe in sectarianism or partisanship and like many others, I am opposed to quotas." He pointed out that the ideal solution for Iraq is the adoption of the state of institutions as the foundation for building a state and society.
He went on to say, "The present government does not adopt the principle of the state of institutions or rely on technocrats. By the term technocrat, I do not mean the specialist only, but rather the unbiased specialist who is not a party member, as this would make him loyal to his party. His loyalty should be to the country. What the parties in this government are doing at present are appointing technocrats from their parties and saying, "Here are the requested technocrats who are also members of our party." This is why the government is failing in the security and services fields." He added, "We are not demanding superhuman achievements from this government because it is transitional and has only a few months left. But we are looking forward to the upcoming elections and hoping that the results will be better." He said, "I reject partisanship and sectarianism. As an enlightened Shiite, I do not care who is the prime minister or the president. What I care about is to have a fair person who genuinely cares about the country that he governs. I want to see an efficient government by way of a paved street, services such as electricity, water, and sanitation, and the right security situation. I want concrete results from a government and as for its affiliations, I do not care."
Dr. Muhammad al-Hakimi, an expert in political philosophy from the Sorbonne University, said there are two opinions about the present Iraqi Government”s performance. The ordinary citizen who is facing the drastic crises such as electricity and water cuts, and the absence of fuel and so on, certainly believes that this government”s performance is not good. These people judge the government based on their daily needs, and believe it is not fit to continue ruling. As to the specialist politician, he should read the conditions around this government and what it is achieving and he will feel optimistic about the development of the political process in Iraq. For me, the political process of political building is progressing gradually."
Researcher Nadir al-Khazraji hinted that he had visited Iraq three times, once after the fall of the previous regime in 2003, a second time during Allawi”s Government, and the last time was two months ago, and pointed to an improvement in the security situation.