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Clashes across Syria; Annan to brief UN - ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English Archive
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Free Syrian army fighters perform noon prayers in a neighborhood in Damascus, Syria. (AP)

Free Syrian army fighters perform noon prayers in a neighborhood in Damascus, Syria. (AP)

BEIRUT (AP) — Government and opposition forces clashed across Syria Monday as international envoy Kofi Annan prepared to brief the U.N. Security Council on the progress of his mission to ease the Syrian crisis.

A new flurry of high-level diplomacy has failed to stop the violence in a year-old conflict the U.N. says has killed more than 9,000 people.

On Monday, more than 70 countries, including the United States, pledged to send millions of dollars and communications equipment to opposition groups inside Syria, signaling a growing belief that diplomacy and sanctions alone will not end the repression and push Syrian President Bashar Assad from power.

Participants at an international diplomatic conference in Istanbul Sunday said Saudi Arabia and other Gulf countries are creating a fund to pay Syrian rebels fighters known as the Free Syrian Army and soldiers who defect from the regime. One delegate described the fund as a “pot of gold” to undermine Assad’s army.

Participants confirmed the Gulf plan on condition of anonymity because details were still being worked out. One said the fund would involve several million dollars a month. It is said to be earmarked for salaries, but it was not clear whether there would be any effort to prevent the money from being used to buy arms, an issue that could prompt stronger accusations of military meddling.

As the joint U.N.-Arab League envoy, Annan has been pushing for a cease-fire to allow all sides to discuss a political solution. The Syrian government has said it accepts his plan while rejecting some of the steps it requires, like withdrawing its troops from towns and cities.

The opposition has also rejected dialogue with the regime, saying it has killed too many people to be part of a solution to the crisis.

Violence continued in Syria Monday.

The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said government forces killed two people in arrest raids in the northern Idlib province. In the south, rebels killed two soldiers in attacks on checkpoints, the group said.

In the northern city of Aleppo, explosives stashed in a kiosk blew up, killing one person.

Activists’ claims could not be independently verified. The Syrian government rarely comments on specific incidents and bars most media from working inside the country.

Syria’s uprising began in March 2011 as part of the Arab Spring with peaceful protests calling for political reforms. Assad’s regime sent tanks, snipers and thugs to try to quash the revolt, and many in the opposition have taken up arms to defend themselves and attack government troops.

In this Sunday, April 1, 2012 photo, a Syrian boy watches as a Free Syrian Army fighter stands guard in a neighborhood of Damascus, Syria. (AP)

In this Sunday, April 1, 2012 photo, a Syrian boy watches as a Free Syrian Army fighter stands guard in a neighborhood of Damascus, Syria. (AP)

A government soldier poses next to his machine gun at the roof of a cultural centre used by snipers, in this picture found on the mobile phone of the soldier belonging to the Syrian army. (R)

A government soldier poses next to his machine gun at the roof of a cultural centre used by snipers, in this picture found on the mobile phone of the soldier belonging to the Syrian army. (R)

Asharq Al-Awsat

Asharq Al-Awsat

Asharq Al-Awsat is the world’s premier pan-Arab daily newspaper, printed simultaneously each day on four continents in 14 cities. Launched in London in 1978, Asharq Al-Awsat has established itself as the decisive publication on pan-Arab and international affairs, offering its readers in-depth analysis and exclusive editorials, as well as the most comprehensive coverage of the entire Arab world.

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