BAGHDAD, (Reuters) – Car bombs killed 23 people in Baghdad and three other Iraqi cities on Wednesday but U.S. Defence Secretary Robert Gates said that a secure, stable country was within reach.
A car bomb near a Shi’ite mosque in central Baghdad killed 15 people and wounded 33 as they gathered for evening prayers, making it the city’s deadliest bombing since September.
Gunfire could be heard and black smoke rose over the area after the blast in the mainly Shi’ite Karrada district, just across the Tigris River from where Gates met Iraqi officials in the heavily fortified “Green Zone” compound.
An al Qaeda affiliated group warned this week of a renewed campaign of car bomb attacks.
Despite the day’s bloodshed, overall attacks across Iraq have fallen to their lowest level in nearly two years. “More than ever, I believe that the goal of a secure, stable and democratic Iraq is within reach,” Gates told a news conference less than an hour after the blast. “We need to be patient. We also need to be absolutely resolved in our desire to see the nascent signs of hope across Iraq expand and flourish so that all Iraqis can enjoy peace and prosperity.”
On an unannounced visit, Gates urged the Shi’ite-led government to integrate mainly Sunni Arab neighbourhood patrol units into its army and police. Washington credits the 60,000-strong neighbourhood patrol forces with helping to reduce violence. “Iraqis who have chosen to fight al Qaeda need to be integrated into Iraq’s security forces or provided other job opportunities,” he said.
Earlier on Wednesday the government took a step in that direction, announcing it would put 45,000 of the patrol members on its payroll by the middle of 2008. That means tens of thousands of armed Sunni Arabs, many believed to have fought against the Shi’ite-led government before this year, will soon be working for it.
The government had been seen as lukewarm to the neighbourhood patrols, fearful they could turn into an unaccountable militia made up of its recent foes.
Gates touched down first in Mosul, north of Baghdad, in a region U.S. commanders now consider one of the most violent parts of Iraq after al Qaeda militants relocated to the north and northeast following crackdowns in the capital and the west.
Hours before Gates arrived a car bomb near a police station killed a civilian in Mosul, Iraq’s third-largest city. Car bombs in Baquba and Kirkuk, two other cities north of Baghdad, killed at least seven others.
The U.S. military announced the deaths of three of its soldiers in Salahuddin province, another of the northern areas that has seen increased fighting. But Gates said commanders in the north had told him that their enemy was now appearing in smaller, less sophisticated units than a few months ago.
Colonel Raymond Thomas, an assistant commander of the U.S. division responsible for the north, said more troops were being sought for Diyala province, of which Baquba is the capital. “We think we can address it with a little more combat power,” Thomas he told reporters travelling with Gates.
President George W. Bush sent an extra 30,000 U.S. soldiers to Iraq earlier this year to try to pull the country back from the brink of all-out sectarian civil war and to give Iraq’s leaders “breathing space” to reach a political accommodation.
Gates confirmed plans to begin sending most of the extra troops home by next July. U.S. plans for the second half of 2008 would be announced after an assessment in February and March.
With violence attacks and American troops starting to draw down, attention has focused on whether the government can reconcile with disaffected minority Sunni Arabs.
Maliki’s government has made little headway in passing laws aimed at reassuring Sunni Arabs they will share in Iraq’s oil wealth and political power.