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The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English Archive
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[map id=”countryBriefMapIn” w=”676″ h=”350″ z=”5″ maptype=”TERRAIN” address=”Riyadh, Saudi Arabia” marker=”yes”]


• 1932: Abdulaziz Al Saud, commonly known as Ibn Saud, unites the kingdoms of Hijaz and Najd as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. • 1941: Full-scale development of the oil fields begins under the Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO). • 1964: Faisal becomes king. • 1972: Saudi Arabia gains control of 20 percent of ARAMCO. • 1975: Faisal is assassinated and succeeded by King Khalid. • 1979: Saudi forces recapture the Grand Mosque in Mecca after it is seized by extremists. • 1980: Saudi Arabia takes full control of ARAMCO from the US. • 1986: The King Fahd Causeway connecting Saudi Arabia and Bahrain opens. • 1990: Saudi Arabia opposes the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, asking the US to intervene. • 1992: King Fahd begins a series of reforms, including the Basic Law and the inauguration of the Consultative Council. • 1995: Crown Prince Abdullah takes over running of the country after King Fahd suffers a stroke. • 1999: Twenty women are allowed to attend a session of the Consultative Council for the first time. • 2002: A new criminal code is introduced banning police torture and guaranteeing those accused of a crime the right to a legal representation. • 2003: The US withdraws the majority of its troops from Saudi Arabia. • 2003: Terrorist activity increases, with incidents such as the Riyadh compound bombings • 2005: Abdullah becomes king after the death of King Fahd. • 2009: King Abdullah appoints the country’s first female minister. • 2011: A major sale of US fighter jets to Saudi Arabia is confirmed. • 2011: Abdullah announces that women will be allowed to vote and stand in elections from 2015. • 2012: Saudi women are allowed to compete in the Olympic Games for the first time. • 2013: The government criminalizes domestic abuse, with a maximum sentence of 1 year in prison and a USD 13,000 fine.

Saudi Arabia

saudi arabia

Official Name: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Capital: Riyadh
King: Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Crown Prince: His Highness, Prince Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Asharq Al-Awsat

Asharq Al-Awsat

Asharq Al-Awsat is the world’s premier pan-Arab daily newspaper, printed simultaneously each day on four continents in 14 cities. Launched in London in 1978, Asharq Al-Awsat has established itself as the decisive publication on pan-Arab and international affairs, offering its readers in-depth analysis and exclusive editorials, as well as the most comprehensive coverage of the entire Arab world.

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