Riyadh- Western countries like the USA, France, Holland, Germany and many others have recently witnessed the rise of right-winged voices that oppose foreigners and believe in the superiority of the “White Man”.
Also religious extremist voices have risen in parts of Asia, Africa and mainly in conflict zones. Terrorist groups like ISIS and Boko Haram have acquired heaps of supporters, despite the draconian and violent scenes they spread. Apparently, the ongoing situations enhance Samuel Huntington’s theory, which tackled the “clash of civilizations” following the collapse of Soviet Union and the end of Cold War.
It is hard to believe how much extremist ideologies and speeches can attract supporters and convince them that killing innocent people, even in religious sacred places is a justified act. Hate speech has the capacity to control peoples’ minds and incite them to practice violence and hatred-driven crimes. Recently, politicians and leaderships with racist political campaigns have gained popular support.
*The extremist right-wing
The world has fallen into fundamentalism and isolation. The marginalization of moderate speech and dialogue has paved the road for extremist voices to attract followers through hate speeches.
According to experts, the promotion of extremism and political violence has three forms:
First: traditional means which were used by old organizations like speeches, books, brochures with selected religious texts, etc.
Second: charismatic figures that can penetrate into societies and recruit of new members.
Third: social media as a way to spread hatred and communicate with members.
Organizing campaigns to spread hatred is a concept that has always been based on intellectual origins like in Nazism and other right-winged movements.
The most spread and influencing speeches were delivered by the German Nazi Leader Adolph Hitler who was known for his deep resentment for Jews. This type of speeches focuses on omitting others, demonizing them, and using violent and aggressive tonality against them.
Decades after Hitler’s death, the world saw Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of ISIS, which has focused on attracting more supporters in his speeches.
This kind of speeches was not only adopted by extremist Muslims in the Middle East; but also the West saw many examples like the Norwegian Terrorist Anders Breivik, who published his ant-Islamic writings on his private website, Facebook and Twitter.