Washington-In its “Global Economic Prospects” report released on Tuesday, the World Bank downgraded its 2016 global growth forecast to 2.4% from the 2.9% pace, 0.5 percentage point lower than the bank’s forecast in January.
The move is due to sluggish growth in advanced economies, stubbornly low commodity prices, weak global trade, and diminishing capital flows.
According to the report, commodity-exporting emerging market and developing economies have struggled to adapt to lower prices for oil and other key commodities, and this accounts for 40% of the downward revision.
Growth in these economies is projected to advance at a meager 0.4% pace this year, a downward revision of 1.2 percentage points from the January outlook.
“This sluggish growth underscores why it’s critically important for countries to pursue policies that will boost economic growth and improve the lives of those living in extreme poverty,” said World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim.
“Economic growth remains the most important driver of poverty reduction, and that’s why we’re very concerned that growth is slowing sharply in commodity-exporting developing countries due to depressed commodity prices,” he added.
Commodity-importing emerging markets and developing economies have been more resilient than exporters although the benefits of lower prices for energy and other commodities have been slow to materialize.
These economies are forecast to expand at a 5.8% rate in 2016, down modestly from the 5.9% pace estimated for 2015, as low energy prices and the modest recovery in advanced economies support economic activity.
Among major emerging market economies, China is forecast to grow at 6.7% in 2016 after 6.9%last year.
India’s robust economic expansion is expected to hold steady at 7.6% while Brazil and Russia are projected to remain in deeper recessions than forecast in January.
South Africa is forecast to grow at a 0.6% rate in 2016, 0.8 of a percentage point more slowly than the January forecast.
World Bank Chief Economist and Senior Vice President Kaushik Basu said: “As advanced economies struggle to gain traction, most economies in South and East Asia are growing solidly, as are commodity-importing emerging economies around the world.”